It’s made by crushing the whole sugar cane to extract and collect the juice, evaporating the water content through boiling, and then pouring it into molds where it crystallizes and hardens into blocks.
Quinoa is often referred to as a “pseudocereal” (just like buckwheat, amaranth, and chia) because it is technically not a grain but a seed, yet similar to true cereals when it comes to flavor, cooking, and nutritional profile. First domesticated and highly cherished as the “mother of all grains” by ancient civilizations in the Peruvian Andes, quinoa is still wildly popular and cultivated throughout the world as an important source of nutrition. Botanically, it is related to beets, chard, and spinach, and thus the leaves of the quinoa plant are edible as well. The grain comes in a range of colors (white, yellow, orange, red, black) and has a natural coating of bitter-tasting saponins, making them unpalatable for birds (a beneficial effect during cultivation) as well as humans. All quinoa sold commercially has usually been washed and mechanically processed to remove this coating. Interestingly, in South America, the removed saponins are used as detergent for washing clothes and as antiseptic to promote healing of skin injuries.